Computation of the rotary stroke bearings is based in principle on the laws governing ball bearings. However, they differ essentially from the latter in that they allow movement in two degrees of freedom, so that length dimensions and acceleration values must be taken into account. Furthermore, the internal osculating conditions differ substantially from those of most ball bearings.
The following variables are to be determined:
Nominal diameter dw and the cage type determine specific loading capacity C10. The lengths of the guide bush and ball cage determine the contact length of the rotary stroke bearing. These values are used to calculate the operational loading capacity of the rotary stroke bearing.
The ball contact lengths are determined by the mutual positions of guide bush, ball cage and guide shaft at the end of the stroke. The dimensions l1 and l2 lead to a distinction between different operating modes.
Open rotary stroke bearing
|Cage length l2 equal to or greater than bush length l1.|
Stroke: H = 2 (l2 – l1)
|Bush length l3 greater than cage length l2, ball cage remains within the bush.|
Stroke: H = 2 (l3 - l2)
A contact length E which remains constant across the entire stroke (in every stroke position) is desirable for both operating modes. This is always fulfilled for closed rotary stroke bearings. In the case of open rotary stroke bearings, the bush should be flush with the cage in the end stroke positions. If the bush extends beyond the end of the cage, this shortens the contact length and thus reduces the loading capacity of the rotary stroke bearing in this stroke position.